Dental implantology is one of the fastest growing fields of dentistry. The treatment involves precise reconstruction of a patient’s dentition using individually customized dental implants, which replace lost tooth roots due to periodontal disease, decay, or trauma.
What is a dental implant?
An implant is an artificial element implanted into the jawbone, replacing the root of a lost tooth. Resembling a small screw with a shaped thread, it is made of titanium – a material that exhibits the ability to fuse permanently with bone tissue, making it both a safe and durable solution.
What is the goal of implantological treatment?
The use of dental implants allows for the restoration of partial tooth loss as well as the complete reconstruction of the bite in the case of missing natural teeth. Implant treatment ensures that the alveolar bone will not undergo atrophy, as is the case with dental bridges. Additionally, there is no need to grind down adjacent teeth to the gap.
Before the procedure, the patient receives detailed information about each stage of the treatment. The availability of modern computer tomography allows for precise planning of the procedure, taking into account the quantity and quality of the patient’s dental bone in all planes. Typically, the guarantee for implant-prosthetic treatment covers a period of 10 years.
Do implants differ from natural teeth?
An implant is the most natural replacement for a missing tooth. In terms of functionality, appearance (including color), and sensations, an implant does not differ from natural, permanent teeth, which helps to restore a naturally beautiful smile.
What does the procedure involve?
Implants can be placed in a fresh extraction socket immediately after a tooth has been removed or in a fully healed jawbone many months or years after extraction. The implant, surgically placed into the jawbone, allows for the creation of a permanent or removable prosthetic replacement:
- A crown (in case of a single missing tooth)
- A bridge (a prosthetic structure replacing several missing teeth. The bridge can be supported by one or several implants or by the patient’s natural teeth)
- A complete denture (attached to several implants, providing very good stability for the denture).
How long does implant treatment last?
The waiting time for the completion of a full prosthetic replacement from the moment of implant placement is an individual matter. Typically, placing an implant in the jaw requires a break in treatment for a period of 2-3 months, as is the case with the upper jaw.
After the required time has passed and the proper implants have been selected, the implant placement and prosthetic restoration are done in one day, during a single procedure.